Physiotherapy can be used to assist in post-operative recovery as it can help to prevent compensatory pain and speed up recovery following surgery. It can also help to alleviate joint and muscular pain in old and arthritic patients. It helps with maintaining and building muscle mass in dog and horse athletes as well as decreasing pain and improving quality of life in patients with hip or elbow dysplasia and other congenital conditions. Modalities that we use include manual therapy, electrotherapy including TENS/EMS and infrared therapy, kinesiology taping and rehab exercises.